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Location - South east Europe; Capital - Sarajevo; Population - 3.9 million; Currency - Convertible Mark MORE BOSNIA

It's a comfortable seven hour bus ride from Split in Croatia to Sarajevo, the appealing capital of Bosnia & Hercegovina. The country is divided in two ways, though it's unlikely you'll realise you've crossed boundaries:

• Firstly, Bosnia covers the north of the country with Hercegovina stretching across the south

• Secondly, following the 1992-95 Bosnian War after the break up of Yugoslavia, the country is comprised of two entities: the Muslim and Croat Federation of Bosnia & Hercegovina, and the Serbian federation of Republika Srpska


bosnianote2Bosnian notes are printed with both Latin and Cyrillic script. Muslims and Croats use the Latin script whereas Serbs use Cyrillic







bosnianote1Neutral figures are on the notes, with one version having the Latin script first (above right) and the other version Cyrillic (right)








bosnia1The mountains of Bosnia appear shortly after crossing the border at Metkovic


bosnia5This colourful cat popped up in several places in Sarajevo - Sarajevo


bosnia6The first thing I did was take a half-day Sarajevo Siege Tour which covered the Bosnian War - Sarajevo















bosnia8The siege tunnel provided Sarajevans with their only link to the outside world during the siege - Sarajevo















bosnia11The 800m 'Tunnel of Hope' was built by hand over four months in 1993. It was constructed beneath the UN controlled airport and provided the city with weapons, food and other humanitarian supplies - Sarajevo


bosnia25Also at the Tunnel Museum are war pictures of the Holiday Inn (top left) and National Library (bottom right) - Sarajevo


bosnia26A more traditional way of life - Sarajevo
















bosnia37The tour took us to Trebevic mountain above Sarajevo to admire the views and provide the opportunity to check out Serbian positions during the war - Sarajevo














bosnia30I think this was an Turkish fort and then a restaurant called Osmice. Please pass on any information you have! Sarajevo



bosnia40Dom Policije Vranjače (Police House) was a sniper position during the war, and possibly also used as a political prison depending on who you speak to - Sarajev



bosnia42The war ravaged police house - Sarajevo















bosnia41The Serbian Cross is a national symbol of Serbia; the four Cyrillic Cs stand for Only Unity Saves the Serbs - Sarajevo















bosnia45Trebevic and eastern Sarajevo are within Republika Srpska, the Serbian entity that makes up about 50% of Bosnia & Hercegovina - Sarajevo



bosnia47Pine trees and the snow capped mountains surrounding Sarajevo


yugoslavianote1An old banknote from Yugoslavian times
yugoslavianote2Writing is in both Latin and Cyrillic


bosnia32Sarajevo is squeezed into a valley and, as you'd expect for a city that hosted the Winter Olympics, has several ski resorts nearby















bosnia36The road in front of the bright yellow Holiday Inn was known as Sniper Alley during the war. Serb snipers picked off those daring to cross it - Sarajevo














bosnia52The bobsleigh track was built for the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo


bosnia56It's now in ruins but it's interesting to walk a length of it; a different experience for sure! Sarajevo



bosnia59Bobsleigh graffiti - Sarajevo
















bosnia67The National Museum, History Museum and Holiday Inn form a triangle of sights near the train station - Sarajevo















bosnia65Standing right on Sniper Alley the Holiday Inn became famous as the home of many journalists during the war - Sarajevo


bosnia71'Wake up Europe!' A poster at the National Museum - Sarajevo



bosnia73Tito Cafe is worth visiting for a beer after the museum, with its irreverent dedication to Yugoslav dictator Marshal Tito - Sarajevo














bosnia79The National Library was reconstructed after being badly damaged during the war - Sarajevo















bosnia82The Ottoman era Inat Kuca (right) overlooks over the Miljacka River - Sarajevo



bosnia85aBascarsija is the old Turkish quarter and centre of tourist activity in Sarajevo



bosnia90It's a lively and attractive area - Sarajevo















bosnia87 The minaret of Bascarsija Mosque - Sarajevo















bosnia89Evening shops and bazaars together with outdoor cafes and restaurants create a convivial atmosphere in Bascarsija - Sarajevo


bosnia95Gazi Husref Begov Vakuf is one of the most attractive courtyards in Bascarsija with a lively cafe that's very popular with locals - Sarajevo


bosnia96Coffee Bosnian style: A slice of lokum (Turkish Delight to you and me) accompanies a thick caffeine fix similar to Turkish coffee - Sarajevo














bosnia102A pedestrian street in Bascarsija - Sarajevo















bosnia104Buy hookah pipes, carpets, copper plates, slippers and pens made from bullets in Bascarsija - Sarajevo



bosnia105Wander the Bascarsija side-streets and see what takes your fancy - Sarajevo


bosnia114Next to the Latin Bridge is the 1878-1918 Museum where Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in 1914, sparking World War I - Sarajevo















bosnia108A plaque marks the place where Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Ferdinand - Sarajevo















bosnia124Gazi-Husrevbey Mosque in Bascarsija - Sarajevo


bosnia119A few years ago many Sarajevo Roses (mortar scars filled with red paint) could be found in the city but most have now gone - Sarajevo



bosnia128The 16th century Alipasina Mosque - Sarajevo
















bosnia137An eternal flame commemorates WWII dead - Sarajevo


















bosnia120Markale market was the site of two of the largest massacres during the war, where 111 people died. The second massacre was the supposed reason behind the 1995 NATO airstrikes. The red plaque at the back is a memorial to those who died - Sarajevo


bosnia130Love padlocks on a bridge across the Miljacka River - Sarajevo



bosnia131 Miljacka River flows past the domed Academy of Fine Arts - Sarajevo














bosnia134Miljacka River - Sarajevo















bosnia141Multicultural Man stands in front of the 19th century Orthodox Cathedral in Liberation Square - Sarajevo


bosnia144Playing chess on a giant board in Liberation Square - Sarajevo


bosnia158 A little bit more of the Miljacka River - Sarajevo















bosnia161The 18th century Svrzo House is an Ottoman townhouse - Sarajevo
















bosnia149 . bosnia150On the southern side of the Miljacka River is the Sarajevska brewery, keeping the city stocked with beer - Sarajevo


An unfiltered Sarajevska beer at the Pivnica HS beerhall, right next door to the brewery - Sarajevo



bosnia169You don't have to go to Trebevic for great views of the city. Walk up the steep roads to the Yellow Bastion north east of Bascarsija - Sarajevo













bosnia171Follow the Miljacka River (bottom left) as it passes the National Library (centre right) - Sarajevo














bosnia174Below the Yellow Bastion is Kovaci martyrs' cemetery, a resting place for the war dead - Sarajevo


bosnia180The grave of Alija Izetbegovic, Bosnia's first president and their leader during the war - Sarajevo


bosnia187 The riverside town of Visoko is a 45-minute drive from Sarajevo















bosnia189Myth or reality? Archaeologist Semir Osmanagic says Visocica Hill, pictured, is actually the world's largest pyramid - Visoko














bosnia193A sign for the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun which was supposedly constructed as long ago as 12,000 BC. Excavations are ongoing and have revealed a set of tunnels - Visoko


bosnia196It's a draining walk to the 'pyramid' summit; so I took a taxi instead - Visoko



bosnia197The final hike is on foot only - Visoko















bosnia200The ruins of Visoki Citadel lie at the summit of the hill (or pyramid?) - Visoko















bosnia212There's superb views from the top - Visoko


bosnia208Take in Visoko from the 250m high Visocica Hill/Pyramid of the Sun - Visoko


bosnia205Mountain scenery continues to the horizon - Visoko















bosnia183'Istina za Vedrana' (Truth for Vedrana). Football fan Vedran Pulljic died prior to a Bosnian match but his death has never been investigated. His image also appears many times in Sarajevo - Visoko














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LINKS - Bosnia tourist board - Bosnian bus timetables - Bosnian pyramid - train timetables


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