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Location - Western Europe; Capital - Berlin; Population - Busingen - 1,500; Germany - 83 million; Currency - Euro (but the Swiss Franc in practice) MORE ENCLAVES

The 7.62km² German enclave of Busingen am Hochrhein is a short walk from the Swiss city of Schaffhausen, hugging the picturesque banks of the Rhine. It's entirely surrounded by Switzerland, giving rise to plenty of paradoxes. I've also included tiny Verenahof at the bottom of the page, a former German enclave now belonging to Switzerland - April 2014.

- Busingen has a Swiss and German postal code; stamps from either country can be used
- It has both a Swiss and German dialling code
- Swiss and German police operate within defined rules
- Like Campione d'Italia it forms part of the Swiss Customs area
- The local German football team plays in the Swiss league
- Euro or Swiss Franc? See below

Historical background: Busingen was under Austrian control from the 15th century. In 1805, during the Napoleonic Wars, it became part of the German kingdom of Wurttemberg. After World War I 96% chose to become part of Switzerland but this never came to fruition as the Swiss couldn't offer an equivalent in return. West Germany and Switzerland formally defined the Busingen enclave in 1967.


euroBusingen is part of Germany which uses the Euro. But in the pre-Euro days the German Deutschmark wasn't even accepted in Busingen until a law was passed in the 1980s







swissnoteMost Busingen residents work in Switzerland so the Swiss Franc is king. Indeed when I paid for souvenirs in the Town Hall they only accepted Swiss Francs!
Most restaurants accept either, and bills are presented in both Euros and Francs







busingen2Goodbye to Schaffhausen and Switzerland - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen21And hello to the German enclave of Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen4A calm and scenic Rhine in Büsingen am Hochrhein, with Switzerland on the opposite bank














busingen22eThe German, Busingen and Swiss flags welcome visitors to the enclave. Further on you can also see the German eagle, the Bundesschild coat of arms - Büsingen am Hochrhein













busingen22cA replica border marker stands above a genuine stone one. CS stands for Cantonment Schaffhausen, in other words Switzerland; 1839 was the year of the border treaty. On the stone's other side there's a GB or a D, for Germany (see later photos) - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen5A great way to recycle - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen7Take an immediate left on entering Büsingen am Hochrhein and there's more border markers, this time in the road.
Standing on the S means you're in Swiss territory; stand on the D and you're in Germany












busingen13Going inland and up the hill you'll see that most of Büsingen am Hochrhein is taken up by farmland














busingen10The rolling countryside of Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen11GB stands for Grossherzogtum Baden, or the historical Grand Duchy of Baden, meaning I'm on the German side of the border. The far side is Switzerland - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen22 The centre of Büsingen am Hochrhein can be seen in the distance at a bend in the river














busingen18The Rhine is so calm it's almost a mirror - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen27The best known hotel is the Alte Rheinmuehle - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen30Anyone can dine at their restaurant that overlooks the Rhine - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen32The 17th century Alte Rheinmuehle was formerly a mill - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen41There's plenty of birdlife on the Rhine - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen39A pier near the Strandbad lido (open air pool) - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen51Next to the Rathaus (Town Hall) are two phone boxes: avoid international charges by using Swisscom on the left for Switzerland, Deutsche Telekom on the right for Germany - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen49The post office is run by Germany's Deutsche Post but notice the two postcodes above the entrance: D-78266 is the German postal code while CH-8238 is the Swiss code for exactly the same territory - Büsingen am Hochrhein












busingen45Peace and harmony. A painting on the outside wall of the Rathaus - Büsingen am Hochrhein


















busingen55The 16th century Junkerhaus (House of the Noble). The Alte Schmeide gallery is next door but it wasn't open on the two days I was around - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen59The grounds of the half-timbered Das Junkerhaus open on to the Rhine. As far as I know the building isn't open to the public - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen62Birdhouses for sale - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen63The International Church of the Nazarene sounds quite grandiose for such a small place - Büsingen am Hochrhein













busingen64Most riverfront residences have gardens on the Rhine separated from the property by Schaffhauser Strasse, the enclave's main road - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen66Away from the river there's an eccentric children's wildlife/play area complete with train carriages - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen73St Michael's Church has a great setting on the road linking Busingen to the Swiss town of Doerflingen - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen82The German-Swiss border posts are a short walk from St Michael's Church (pictured here in the distance) - Büsingen am Hochrhein















On the left is the German sign indicating you're in the German enclave; on the right is the Swiss sign (Schaffhausen Canton) on the way to Doerflingen - Büsingen am Hochrhein



At the base of the signs are the original stone border posts. S for Switzerland and D for Deutschland (Germany) - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen93Restaurant Waldheim is on the eastern tip of the enclave - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen92Waldheim's garden has a perfect setting over the Rhine - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen98Waldheim is right on the Swiss-German border. To the left of the white line is the German enclave of Busingen, to the right is Switzerland. So you can order food in Germany, dine in Switzerland, return to Germany for the toilet, back outside to admire the views of Switzerland, then back inside to Germany to pay in Swiss Francs! Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen100The view from the restaurant. The farm below is in Switzerland but a two minute walk along the trail and you're back in Germany proper, in the town of Gailingen. The opposite side of the Rhine is Switzerland - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen100aOn the slope leading down from Waldheim is a small vineyard - Büsingen am Hochrhein













busingenbeer5 You can buy Busingen wines, though the fermenting and bottling are done elsewhere. At least that's what I think the locals were telling me! Büsingen am Hochrhein













busingen99A border stone below Waldheim indicates I'm in the German enclave.
GB = Grossherzogtum Baden, or the Grand Duchy of Baden, a historical state of Germany - Büsingen am Hochrhein














This is the walking trail near Restaurant Waldheim, with the Deutschland sign welcoming visitors to Gailingen and Germany. The CS border stone indicates I'm still in Switzerland while the GB shows I've crossed into Germany - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen105Never seen this before - happy cows, happy milk! The cows were loving this automated massager at the farm below Restaurant Waldheim, a few metres outside Büsingen am Hochrhein.


busingen111Swiss customs at the Gailingen border is a pretty quiet place nowadays - Büsingen am Hochrhein













busingen117There's a riverside walking trail from Restaurant Waldheim back to the centre - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen121There's a second border monument on Junkerstrasse - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen122It also has the Swiss, Busingen and German flags flying - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen124The Dorfkirche on Junkerstrasse - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen123Bright colours along the walking trail near Strandbad - Büsingen am Hochrhein













busingen128A weather vane in German colours - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen131An eclectic mix of sculptures at Galerie Roman Reyes - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen148World marketing: Vogue in the farmlands - Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen150Who is Titus? Büsingen am Hochrhein















busingen140Ring the bell to Paradise - Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen144A boat from Busingen takes passengers to Paradies (German spelling), a town on the opposite side of the river in Switzerland. And of course there's a 'Welcome to Paradise' sign! Büsingen am Hochrhein


busingen145The view from Paradise is of the Rhine and Büsingen am Hochrhein














busingen147Büsingen am Hochrhein enclave, about 300 metres from the Swiss/Schaffhausen border














busingen22aAuf Wiedersehen (goodbye) Büsingen am Hochrhein. And Gute Fahrt means Good Journey. Amuses me! How to fahrt in German


verenahof12Verenahof, in the Swiss village of Buttenhardt, is a short bus ride from Schaffhausen.
Until 1964 it was a German enclave but was transferred to Switzerland in a ceremony in 1967.
It's tiny, consisting of just a few houses, one of which is now a Bed & Breakfast












verenahof10This pink building is built on a former school whose playground, as far as I can tell (talking to a resident), also formed part of the Verenahof enclave













verenahof1Thanks to Vitali Vitaliev's book Passsport to Enclavia for bringing Verenahof to my attention. In his book he mentions that the school building was in Switzerland but the playground was in German Verenahof. Aaah, politics! It's about 200metres from the Verenahof road pictured earlier so I'm confused as to whether there were two sections to the enclave


verenahof7Next to the former school are some of the border stones, recycled as flowerbeds. S stands for Switzerland. I haven't worked out what LG stands for - suggestions welcome! Verenahof was an enclave for centuries so I presume 1935 refers to the official agreement/border marking



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LINKS - Busingen info and quirks - Wikipedia entry - enclaves/exclaves of Europe, and more quirks explained - lots on the Busingen border stones and other enclaves - Swiss tourist office


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